(Diarrhea and Vomiting, Dehydration)
Vomiting and diarrhea are usually caused by a viral infection of the intestines. It is important that your child’s stomach “rest” for a couple of days. The following guidelines include several things that you can do at home to make your child more comfortable.
Clear liquids should be given for the first 12 to 24 hours. These include Pedialyte, Gatorade, Jello, popsicles and ginger-ale. Since fruit juices may cause diarrhea if used in large quantities, give juices in limited amounts only. Soft drinks – 7-up, Sprite – may be given after being open for a while and the bubbles have come out of the drink. If your child is vomiting, start slowly with one or two tablespoonful’s (1/2 to 1 ounce) every 30 minutes and increase the amount each hour. If your child vomits while doing this, wait one hour and start over using small amounts. Breast-fed infants may continue to nurse.
Ondansetron (Zofran) may be prescribed if vomiting persists. lmodium AD may be given to school-age children to decrease cramping and the frequency of the diarrhea. Please check with our office first.
Begin to advance the diet:
Prevent the spread of the illness to others by thorough hand washing with soap and water for 20 seconds after using the toilet and before preparing food. Wash hands after changing each diaper.
Children, especially small infants, are in a danger of becoming dehydrated because large amounts of body fluids are lost through vomiting and diarrhea. Signs of dehydration include:
Call my office or the emergency room if your child has: